A legendary place perched on a promontory overlooking the sea, Tindari is certainly one of the most beautiful spots in Sicily. It is a very small place, but full of things, almost as if the people left space for all the findings!
Tindari was founded in 396 BC by Dionysus the Elder, Tyrant of Syracuse. Over the following centuries it became a stronghold for Imperial Rome.
We start the visit along the road where we find the Greek fortifications, a double curtain wall of blocks with square towers and the Pincer gate.
The town plan was characterized by a presence of a series of isolati, small block areas of about 30 meters that had 3 main streets (decumani); a typical checkerboard pattern plan (Hippodamian).
In this section of town, one block area was found in its entirety (insula IV), that's because of the terracing of the land, that contains buildings on different levels. In the back part of the decumano, there are tabernae (commercial shops) three of which had a back room. There was a domus (house B) with a peristyle of 12 columns with Doric capitals and another house (house C) with columns that have Corinthian capitals. Both of the houses are from the Roman period (1st century BC)
What’s impressive, is the baths area still now legibly, almost perfect.
We can see the Calidarium, the Frigidarium, the Tepdiarium and the system that let them work.
We can also see the dressing rooms and many wonderful mosaics, among others one who depicts the Trinacria, logo of Sicily.
Certainly the most fascinating monument is the Greek Theater of the 4th century BC that the Romans later modified to be an amphitheater for use with gladiators. Carved in rock and overlooking the sea, it could hold up to 3000 people.
In Roman times, an arcade was added and the reconstruction of the stage, of which only the foundation and an arch remain. The orchestra was transformed into an arena, surrounding the auditorium with a wall, eliminating the four lower steps.
Another interesting monument is the Basilica, a porch with two floors from the 4th century BC with a large central gallery, a barrel vault ceiling and nine arches, flanked by two roads covered with arches as an overpass. They were leading to the agorà that was located where now one finds the characteristic Black Madonna Shrine.
And there, in the depths of the sea, the lakes: water trapped by the sandy dunes. Red circle .