Longane has a place in history for the epic battle fought there, near the homonymous river between the Mamertines against the Syracusani (the winners), around 27 BC.
Perhaps inhabited since prehistoric times, (2,000 BC), Longane was apparently abandoned around the 5th century BC.
Longane has few ruins of what were impressive city walls and has yielded findings of splendid coins and a bronze caduceus (a peace stick around which two serpents are intertwined) from the 5th century BC.
No one knows why they are in the British Museum in London…. Or better, one knows, but no one says….
There were two acropoli. The one in the south (Monte Pirgo at 443 meters) has the ruins of a fort built in megalithic style (like that of Anaktoron, palace of the prince). More extensive was the north acropolis (Monte Ciappa at 442 meters), which was surrounded by a rampart of dry stone from which jutted square towers.
About 500 meters away, in the Mustàco area, one finds the prehistoric settlement characterized by a series of cave tombs, inside of which there were findings of an iron spearhead, amphorae pottery (in various forms and decorated with geometric designs) bowls and cups, buckles with copper wire spiral chains, pearls and rings in thin laminate, and a precious brooch of a bronze crucifix.